Islamabad Pakistan History And Master Plan
Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan. It is the latest city of the world. It is located 16 Kilometers from Rawalpindi, 1520 Kilometer from Karachi, 192 Kilometer from Peshawar and 296 Kilometer from Lahore. It is 494 to 610 meter above sea level.
After the creation of Pakistan, Karachi was made the capital of the new nation, but for several reasons: That time President General Ayub Khan felt that the capital should be a comfortable and safe place. Therefore, a “Federal Capital Commission” was established and tasked them to find a suitable site for the new capital. Commission visited in all parts of the country and reviewed different areas. Detail studied on geography, weather and geological structures of all areas. It was widely publicized about the cash prize for person who will propose the name of new capital. Finally valley of Pothohar was selected for new capital of Pakistan. Islamabad was adopted for the name of new capital; this name was proposed by Abdul Rahman who was an educator and belongs to Arifwala.
After the selection of suitable location, next step started about the mapping of city, constructions and Master Plan. Therefore, after the recommendation Greece firms of architects, Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis are invited to design the master plan of the city. No doubt this master plan was latest and very beautiful. In 1951 it was to make capital; now commission name changed to “Capital Development Authority”. Construction work started in 1961 and most government buildings were completed in 1976.
Ref: The article Islamabad history and master plan in Urdu is taken from Encyclopedia of Pakistan by Syed Qasim Mahmood.